Select A High Good quality Off Grid Solar Panel NZ Array Frame

solar panel clamps 

When you switch to solar power for your residence, mounting your photovoltaic (PV) solar panels is of critical significance. By combining a heritage of excellence in German engineering with American innovation, in 2011 Renusol America introduces the groundbreaking, American-made Renusol CS60- the initial 1 piece mounting program for PV panels. Whether a solar roof mount, ground mount, leading of pole mount, side of pole mount, tower mount or solar carport, we can accommodate your needs. 7,758,011 entitled Adjustable Mounting Assembly for Standing Seam Panels” which issued to Haddock on Jul. For use on ships, PV modules or solar panels want to be installed properly making use of specialised mounting frames. You will also need to have to build a frame for your solar cells and the frame will be the base for your DIY solar panel, so that is where a hand saw will come as far more than handy. Changing the tilt angle of an array to account for seasonal alterations in sun altitude is not required. Bear in mind that there are various solar mounts employed for every application: flush mounting for roofs, solar pole mounts , and solar ground mounts. Specific standards exist for the roof mounting of solar systems. Throughout the summer season solar panels can usually lay flat on the ground and make about 90% of the energy that they would make if they have been up on the rack. The entire mounting technique expenses about the exact same as buying another 100-watt solar panel but throughout the winter the solar stand assists make twice as considerably energy. Most solar panels for rooftop solar installations are created up of 60 solar cells, even though the common for commercial solar installations is 72 cells (and can go up to 98 cells or a lot more). The subsequent step then is to calculate the total number of solar modules we want to mount at our web site. This sort of mounting program is nicely suited for websites where excavation is not feasible such as capped landfills and simplifies decommissioning or relocation of solar module systems. In addition, if your house utilizes a lot of electricity, your roof may well not be large adequate for a solar energy method that meets your electrical energy needs. Pole Mounts let you to adjust the tilt angle to maximize your energy output all through the seasons. Now solar panels are so low-cost relative to a few years ago South pacing panels can make sense in Australia. An adjustable roof mount with tilt angles up to 45 degrees for maximum solar overall performance. Discarded powder-coated bed-frames (typically 2″ angle) are also most helpful for this kind of workout ~ and with a bit of imagination can be utilized as a base for an tilt-adjustable string of panels. MT Solar pole mounts are one more great alternative. As solar panels makers often seek ways to minimize charges, product design is of course influenced by this objective. With the aid of the internet and our own ingenuity we built an simple transportable, collapsible, and storable solar panel mount out of nothing at all but PVC and zip ties. There are a lot of aspects determining the sort of solar mounting very best suited for your property or company. Landpower Landscape Ballasted Solar Mounting is applicable to large scale flat roof module installation. I have the solar panels and 24 Lead acid batteries(100Amph every single) to power the house at day and evening. The pole will most likely place the panels six or far more feet up in the air and let you sustain that ground space. Each and every fastening technique 29 consists of a roof clamp 31 and a catch or mounting bracket 33. Before you start off arranging the cells, linking damaging to good parts as you go, you might take into account generating little frames in the quantity of cells you have and inside of the principal frame of your template. The Terragrif is held by the anchoring of the claws in the frame material and mounting program. Solar mounts aren’t just utilized to preserve solar panels in place during windy circumstances. Trackers are ground mounts that adjust automatically, ensuring your panels always face straight at the sun. Ground mount systems require appropriate land space, and they appear industrial. We have chosen various brands of solar panels with diverse frame thickness, from 31 mm to 50 mm to submit them to a mechanical resistance test. With each other with structural engineers, the solar panel industry has looked for effective structural frames that are light in weight and expense effective to install, construct and that are capable to carry the weight of the solar panel technique. One type of passive tracker is driven by a closed Freon technique that causes the tracker to stick to the sun with sufficient accuracy for flat-plate PV modules, such as the Zomeworks In higher wind areas a powered tracker might be preferred.

A single of the most frequent kinds of solar panel mounts seen and suggested these days are roof mounts. Mounts are utilized to attach solar panels to the roof, ground, or one more surface on your house. In many instances, a particular panel manufacturer will also give the rack mount especially for their panels. A simple roof inspection can help you determine whether or not the further weight of solar panels are a viable option for your home. With all the troubles with tilt frames with extra spacing and shadows and so on, I was thinking of going with lying them flat. Most residential PV systems are mounted on roofs. The sturdy pipes in triangulation provide an superb supporting frame with a little give to supply some flexibility for these inadvertent bumps and knocks. It really makes almost everything worth it since the complete point of having solar is to make as significantly power as achievable with free energy from the sun. Canadian Solar – One of the ideal values for solar panels. As several people are nervous about roof penetrations on a flat roof, these south-facing ballasted systems can enhance your yield if you’ve got a lot of roof space, with out penetrating your climate proofing. When we originally place together our electrical program we bought Renogy’s 400-watt MPPT solar kit , which comes with four 100-watt panels. So, even though on paper, the two varieties of panels could create the exact same quantity of energy, this benefit signifies ground panels usually acquire much more sunlight, permitting them to create much more energy, saving far more income. What most men and women don’t recognize is each and every set of solar panels stand legs are created to be employed with 1 panel only. Solar trackers can support salvage those hours when the sun just isn’t shining directly on the panels like it demands to be. Some of the panels have a built-in angle-adjustment, allowing you to get the optimal angle for gathering sunlight all through the year and enhancing your solar sun number score in accordance. I usually use one hundred-watt solar panels with my solar generators and every single solar panel generally about 22 inches wide. Roof mounts tend to be the least costly way to mount your solar program since they take advantage of your existing roof structure to provide a foundation for your panels. 10. The floating help structure of claim 9, wherein said mooring line segments are splayed radially to provide resistance for loading in the East- West direction and to supply torsional stability of the array, and additional like anchor elements comprising a single or much more concrete deadman, a ground anchor, a pile, or any combination thereof. The only issue i can believe of is that the installer might not like the concept to keep away from complaint if the panel may possibly not secured simply because the panel owner preserve creating modifications to the tilt angle over time. The steep angle of pole mounts naturally aids snow removal, as the weight of the snow causes it to naturally slide off the face of the panels. From Solar Panel Components to aluminum solar panel frames, Johnson Brother’s has a answer for your Solar Panel Frame needs. You will of course want adequate tools for developing your own solar panels. 8. The floating support structure of claim 1, wherein said mooring and anchoring program contains a plurality of continuous lines threaded by way of running pulleys attached so mentioned array, thereby offering a continuous tension force in mentioned continuous mooring lines, wherein lateral wind load forces imposed on the array are normally continual in magnitude and vary in direction primarily based on the geometry of stated mooring lines. Several ground mounts are created to hold the panels at a fixed angle all year round, which implies that the panels will not run at complete efficiency all through the year. The kinematics of a continuous mooring line running by means of pulleys and the design strategy are comparable to the above-water mooring application except that in the occasion of water level rising and full wind load on the array, the array tends to be pulled down into the water at the array support points. Usually, ground mount solar panels expense a bit far more than rooftop solar on a per-watt basis simply because of further labor and permitting that may possibly be necessary for the installation. We are assuming for this installation that the panels will be installed side-by-side in a portrait orientation. Whether you are buying or generating solar cells, make positive that you have a lot more cells than planned for the solar panel you are generating as solar cells are naturally quite fragile and some could even be broken, so you will need to have a backup.

0031 Yet another object is to offer a floating assistance program for a solar panel array that can be deployed on small and massive bodies of water, such as agricultural reservoirs, water district retention ponds, huge reservoirs, lakes, ponds, and the like. The amount of direct sunlight could effect the path in which your solar panels are installed. With roof pitch solar 2m Squared Thermosiphon collector mounting frame. If you favor producing over purchasing solar cells, you will want to repeat this process till you attain the number of cells you require for your DIY solar panel. Of the top brands that we compared, the lightest was SunPower, with some panels weighing as little as 33 pounds. 9. The floating help structure of claim 8, wherein a solar panel array is divided into quadrants, and stated mooring and anchoring program contains four continuous mooring line segments, one particular for every single quadrant of the array. Show case your PV panels with a uniquely, fashionable help system. This system can be implemented on open ground attached to concrete foundations or on a tin roof with a low angle of slope for that further strength. Solar pv panel mounting frames supply a easy solution for protected and secure installation of a solar array. Every client has exclusive specifications, and ISA Corporation will work individually with each one particular to develop sustainable and expense-effective mounting elevated racks and frames. Flush mounted evacuated tube help frame fixings for sheet metal roof. 17, 2008 and 5,715,640 entitled Mounting Device for Controlling Uplift of a Metal Roof” which issued to Haddock on Feb. As a guide, this mounting technique is £2500+VAT for systems of up to 29 panels. Right now, you’d be much better off using a fixed ground mount or pole mount and adding a couple of a lot more panels to cover the added output. It is easier to have a continuous row of solar panels if they are installed vertically. Installation is the quickest with these new non-penetrating systems due to the fact your solar provider doesn’t have to find a rafter, drill into it, and then set up your rails and your solar panels. The leading nations of supplier is China, from which the percentage of solar panel assistance frame supply is 100% respectively. Solar cells are a single of the most critical supplies for generating your solar panels. Solar panels are created using a series of PV cells protected by glass, EVA and a protective back sheet housed in a hard aluminium frame. Even if you are a very good candidate for a rooftop solar power technique, there are several advantages to picking a ground-mounted solar panel program. Shingled cells are an emerging technology which makes use of overlapping thin cell strips which can be assembled either horizontally or vertically across the panel. Solar tracking systems are add-ons to solar mounts that are developed to assist turn the panels to face straight at the sun throughout the day. Simply because you need to have to leave added space in between the panels so that one row of panels does not cast a shadow on the row behind it. I also feel that tilt frames are butt-ugly. Illustrate a building 21 having a tilted roof 23, preferably produced from sheet metal sections joined together at folded over, raised standing seams 25. Auxiliary roof components, preferably a number of photovoltaic or solar panel assemblies 27, are secured to seams 25 by way of multiple fastening systems 29. Every photovoltaic panel assembly contains metal and glass sheets 30 with silicon wafers, attached to peripheral mounting frames 111. Now, there are lots of factors to consider right here: first you require to strategy your budget so you would know how significantly money you have to devote and then you can move onto choosing out solar cells. These are occasionally referred to as BIPV, or Developing Integrated PV. You save on the price of roofing supplies, and the visual look is good. They come in a variety of designs to suit the installation, such as tilt frame, tilt legs, flat roof-mounted or ground-mounted. They are also surprisingly inexpensive, given that they can frequently and simply be flat mounted to the roof. Right here we highlight the ideal top quality solar panel companies using the most recent solar cell innovations to develop the most effective and trustworthy panels with the longest life and highest efficiency. With purlin roofs, the module is horizontally mounted for clip mounting, as a regular. As the snow settles on the bottom of the solar panels, it will hold the strings of solar cells that run lengthwise along the solar panel clear of snow and in a position to convert sunlight into energy.

eight shows the hinged connection in between N-S frame members 130a, 130b in adjoining array modules. Whilst rooftop solar arrays are the most frequent option for property owners, there are a lot of causes to take into account a ground-mounted solar panel system. 5A-5b show the installation of the N-S frame members atop the E-W frame members, which are in turn mounted to the floats. Angled brackets 200 (els) can be offered to boost structural rigidity at the panel help connections 202. While rooftop solar panels are the most common sort, not everyone’s residence is suited to them. From a single panel mounted on a post to a large ground-mounted multi-kilowatt pv array. Wire (2.1.1.three): Our Renogy solar panels come with common PV wire that is weatherproof and insulated (as long as there is no exposed copper wire). The next point is to divide the prime-to-bottom length of the roof by the lengthy edge of the panels to come up with how several rows will fit in the space offered. The makers we provide are made to offer you reliable solar panel mounting structures for residential, industrial, and utility-scale projects and often consist of stamped engineering. In terms of the quantity of energy developed, ground and rooftop panels are quite a lot the very same, at least on the surface. If your property uses a lot of energy, then ground-mounted panels may well be better for you. Even though solar panels may get all the glory when you happen to be talking about how amazing solar energy is for lowering your electrical energy bills, creating green jobs, and saving the planet, solar mounting options are just as critical. It is always intelligent to speak with a solar installer near you to see what your alternatives are for solar panel mounting. While railed systems are the most common solar mounting choice, rail-much less systems are absolutely catching up. Unlike the common rack mount, the angles can be adjusted so that the panels aren’t parallel to the roof plane. Having a solar mounting frame and roof panel as well close to the edge of the roof, will boost considerably the wind forces on the panel and method structure throughout heavy winds. Being the original patent holding U.S. manufacturer of the Rooftrac® “Leading-Down” solar mounting technique, one particular can be confident understanding they are becoming offered with practically nothing but exceptional solar gear goods. Solar panels carry out properly when they are free of charge of shade, or even in partial shadow, and the sun is directly above. The solar panel stand legs are the most vital part of the whole help mount. Targray’s portfolio of aluminum solar panel frames is a trusted source for PV module makers looking for superior mold sophistication at a competitive cost. Flat roof mounting possibilities are widespread for industrial and industrial buildings considering that they have large spans of wide open space best for solar panels. Putting solar panels straight onto the ground operates pretty okay during the summer but during the fall, winter and spring a solar panel stand makes a massive difference in energy production. Photovoltaic panel frames are anodized and have a resistance in the area of 20 MOhm. All this needed was 3 normal pulpit rail mounting brackets that I attached to a stout sheet of aluminium bolted across the panel frame – ideal observed under with the panel folded down. The panel supports are mounted transversely across the N-S frame members and are preferably Z shaped rolled sheet metal with stiffeners, as necessary, to help the weight of a plurality of panels mounted on their upper edges. The average size of solar panels employed in a rooftop solar installation is around 65 inches by 39 inches, or 5.4 feet by three.25 feet. Standard ground mounts use metal framing driven into the ground to hold your solar panels up at a fixed angle. This post will aid you recognize solar panel size, solar panel weight, and whether or not your roof can assistance solar panels. A pole mount is a durable rack or frame built to hold a set of solar cells that is mounted up on top of a single pole. Panels at 25 degrees will only create 8.two% more energy than these at degrees. In theory, trackers are helpful in optimizing the facing of your panels to squeeze each last drop of production out of your array. We will guarantee that your solar panels are mounted in the right place on your roof – as sometimes wind harm can take place if modules are mounted too close to the edge or ridge of the roof. Anyway, it took ’em three days to resolve all the ‘insurmountable’ issues AND hand me a cheque for the energy racked up on the analog meter from the date of installation.

If you make a decision to add a tracking system to your ground-mounted solar array, you have the alternative of either a single-axis or a dual-axis system. Based on how your house is situated, your solar panels may possibly in fact receive a lot more sunlight if they are installed vertically. Busbars are thin wires or ribbons which run down each and every cell and carry the electrons (current) by means of the solar panel. Residential systems are normally better off installing a handful of extra panels on a fixed array. Power optimisers from businesses such as Tigo and SolarEdge have been available as an add-on component for many years but now both SolarEdge and Tigo are developing panels with inbuilt optimisers within the junction box on the back of the panel. With hundreds of diverse solar panels on the market place it is difficult for these not in the sector to identify high quality panels which will perform over the expected 25 year life of a solar photovoltaic (PV) system. Made in a state-of-the-art production facility, the solar frames we supply are molded and assembled making use of higher-precision tools (<0.02mm variance) to ensure reliable performance and a lengthy product lifespan. 0001 The present invention relates normally to systems for mounting and supporting solar panels, which includes photovoltaic panels for electricity production and thermal panels for fluid heating, as properly as for supporting concentrating solar power systems making use of lenses or mirrors and far more especially, the present invention relates to a modular floating assistance structure for a solar panel array that can be assembled on land and deployed in large preassembled units and moored to land using a mooring technique that distributes loads broadly within and about the help structure. SAE connectors were utilised on some older solar panels, and although we're positive MC4 is greater general, SAE has the benefit of being rapid-disconnect. Single-axis tracking systems move your solar panels more than the course of the day to adhere to the sun as it moves by means of the sky. Other manufacturers producing shingled cell solar panels contain Yingli Solar and Znshine. Ballasted footing mounts, such as concrete or steel bases that use weight to secure the panel method in position and do not require via penetration. Horizontal solar panels are so frequent, that it can come as a surprise to numerous that solar panels can be installed vertically. We provide a high quality variety of framing choices from roof mount, ground mount and pole mounting choices. In other instances, roofs are merely also complicated, with also many vents and odd angles, to assistance a large array of solar panels, so ground mount may be the only selection. General, for a standard residential solar technique of 5 kW, washing panels halfway by way of the summer would translate into a mere $20 acquire in electricity production till the summer time drought ends—in about 2 ½ months. The sales manager is advising tilt frames facing north, but the installer thinks it is not worth it. The sales manager has quoted a $400-500 saving if we lie the panels flat. Even though roof mounts are up out of the way, they generally finish up costing more in the end following the installation is complete. All solar cells and panels are rated utilizing normal test situations (STC - measured at 25°C) and gradually decrease energy output as cell temperature increases. 0029 But an additional object of the present invention is to give a mooring method for the inventive floating solar panel array that will stop overstress of the structural elements that constitute the array field. The REC twin peak two range of split panels have been offered for some time and now most majar panel companies are following suit with split panels getting released by Trina Solar, Q-cells, Canadian Solar, LONGi Solar, JA Solar, Risen, Phono solar, Jinko solar and most other producers. If your rooftop is flat, you can use tilt legs to face panels so that they are much more perpendicular to the sun. A PV junction box is attached to the back of the solar panel and functions as its output interface. Quick Mount PV was founded in 2006 to bring code-compliant, expense-powerful, waterproof rooftop mounting systems to the solar market. The rails rigidly assistance solar modules of all sizes. Holes 196 give means for positioning, indexing, and connecting the N and S panel supports, 132, 134, respectively, to the frame members using screws. They're typically lightweight and designed to be adjustable so that the panels can be tilted to the appropriate position.

Ballasted mounts rest on a free-standing base that is not drilled into your roof. These intelligent chips from Maxim go beyond the classic add-on optimiser and separate the panel into three strings of cells which enables the panel to operate at the optimum MPPT voltage when partially shaded or dirty. If tracking of the solar panel array is desired, the advisable trackers are single-axis units that call for tiny control or power. 0026 A additional object or feature of the present invention is a new and improved floating structure for a solar panel array that permits solar panels to be positioned for optimal solar energy collection while afloat. Enter your zip code to uncover out what solar panels price from installers near you. As a common guide, when mounted in accordance with their guidelines most mounting systems will meet Australian standards. With a variable width for all mounting systems. Pole mounts are the greatest solar panel mounts to use in heavy snow locations, because the steep tilt angle helps shed snow. For optimum efficiency, a solar panel requirements to be created of similar modules oriented in the identical direction perpendicular to direct sunlight. Supplied with marine-grade mounting frame kits for ships and marine applications. Flat rooftops (or low slope roofs) can use similar racking hardware with tilt legs to attain an appropriate angle. SnapNRack is a manufacturer of photovoltaic module mounting merchandise and systems. Glass plates are perhaps the ideal resolution to have around for producing base for your solar cells. Since it really is one particular of the most time- and labor-intensive components of hooking up the system, solar panel mounts are one of the biggest expenses during a solar energy technique installation. Enables the angle of the solar panel to be adjusted for the very best final results. MOBASOLAR has developed certain Terragrif products which are compatible for far more than 90% of mounting systems. Now when you have frames and when all the cells are arranged and connected, you will want to place some wires by way of the lines of cells you have. This frame is made to hold a particular number of solar panels, which depends on the frame. It has turn out to be increasingly a lot more costly to import solar mounting systems from China, the main source of solar mounting systems in South Africa. The mooring lines are pre-tensioned and released at a fixed length at the time of installation, and if essential throughout the maintenance period, to afford the relative vertical movement the array might go by means of for the duration of its style life. For most applications, the further labor and the added complexity of the array mount does not justify the small enhance in power produced. Solar panels are not limited to rooftops they can be freestanding and ground-mounted systems that generate power for your house wherever they come about to be. Aside from the reality that tilt frames look ugly, panels at a shalllow angle execute a lot much better under cloudy circumstances. Some unique solar PV modules consist of concentrators in which light is focused by lenses or mirrors onto smaller cells. Following to RMI , Balance-of-Program (BoS) components, this is, non-module price of non- microinverter solar modules (as wiring, converters, racking systems and different components) make up about half of the total charges of installations. Now incorporated self earthing mechanism and accessory holes, we are extremely excited to introduce you to our industrial tilt mounting system. You will need to test and activate the solar cells just before moving onto producing your solar panel and go on with making far more solar cells if you have produced your first one particular effectively. We advocate the IronRidge XR100 or XR1000 (very same as a common roof mount) with the addition of tilt legs. This special design covers more of the panel surface region as it doesn’t need front side busbar connections which partially shade the cell, therefore increaseing the panel efficiency a lot like IBC cells explained under. The mount tends to make the installation of tiny solar systems simple, affordable and rapid. But if your garage is flat and occurs to get the most sun, a flat roof mounting selection may possibly be perfect for you. Place the mount collectively and spot it on best of your solar panel to check the match. Aluminum solar frames along with higher alloy stainless steel frames are created with the highest tolerances and great forming capabilities, to make the excellent top quality aluminum solar frame that we are accustomed to create.

I typically have about 500 watts in solar panels setup on my stand which signifies I have 5 panels total. We’re entirely off-grid and hookup-cost-free right here at Gnomad Home, and with no sunlight we cannot perform, or charge our phones, or create these epic vanlife guides And with our roof-mounted solar panels , we had no way to charge up our batteries with no parking the van directly in the sun. And you do not want to install the solar array appropriate up to the edge of the roof. Do the same calculation for the quantity of panels across the width of the roof (336 inches ÷ 40 inch panels = 8 panels or 8 columns across the horizontal width of the roof. But when it comes to your solar mounting possibilities, one particular size does not fit all. If you call for a full technique please go to our Triangle Tilt Mounting Method page or you can speak to us anytime with your requirements and we can tailor a system to your needs. All solar mounting systems have a limit on building height, usually 10m, at times 20m. Hybrid marine power solutions like solar power save fuel, lessen pollution and are cost effective. We bought a solar panel tilt mount from Amazon, but it just did not do what we required it to. This mount was designed for fixed mounting on a roof, so it did not simply fold up for storage – we had to unscrew and screw in several wingnuts to set it up and break it down. 32 There could also be occupational hazards of solar panel installation and upkeep. Roof-mounted systems are a wonderful option – there is a wide variety of elements and systems out there to custom-fit almost any module configuration to almost any roof – flat or pitched, creating heights of up to 200m. Right here are the top three issues that you require to know about ground-mounted solar panels. See our ‘Compare Solar Panels’ web page for data on how heat affects solar pv functionality. For instance, the present accessory mounting brackets or catches can be secured to standard roof clamps such as these disclosed in the following U.S. Pat. The Renogy Solar Panel Pole Mount is created for off-grid applications when mounting to a roof is not excellent. The Terragrif is attached in the module’s frame and on the mounting system. Every single of the modules’ frames must have its personal earth cable (in 6 mm²) connected to the major earthing cable (>= ten mm²), while avoiding the creation of a modest bridge in between the modules’ frames. 16. The floating assistance structure of claim 1, wherein mentioned coupling hardware consists of a splice disposed in between mentioned E-W frame members of adjoin array modules, mentioned splice configured and contoured to conform closely to the sides of mentioned E-W frame members, wherein mentioned E-W frame members incorporate spaced-apart frame member insertion components that cooperate with at least one particular corresponding splice insertion element disposed on mentioned splice, such that as mentioned splice is slidably mated to and between mentioned E-W frame members of adjoining array modules, a frame member insertion element engages a corresponding splice insertion element to retain mentioned splice and stop it from being pulled apart from stated frame member, and wherein said splice can then be additional translated along mentioned frame member and into additional engagement with mentioned frame member till stated splice insertion element engages stated a second frame member insertion element so as to hold mentioned splice firmly in place. In this case, a fixed roof mount is the easiest and most price-powerful option. Clenergy ezRack ECO Rail Kit – two x 4200mm Rails Pair of Clenergy ezRack ECO rails, every being 4200mm long – appropriate for mounting 4 x 60 cell solar panels (~1000mm width). This successfully splits the solar panel into two smaller panels of 50% capacity, which work in parallel. Monocrystalline solar panels are slightly higher in efficiency than polycrystalline panels because each and every utilizes a various manufacturing strategy. For numerous the greater expense of the these premium N-variety solar panels ($1 or a lot more per W) is outweighed by the greater efficiency which ranges from 20 to 22.six%, enhanced functionality at higher temperatures and minimal light induced degradation (LID), which indicates considerably greater energy yield over the life of the panel. All Terragrifs are studied and realized according to the mounting program and photovoltaic panels. Rather of installing rails and then mounting the solar panels to them, your solar provider will set up a series of mounts that will connect with the constructed-in mounting hardware on your solar panels.

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